Holly adds lots of Christmas color and cheer to this time of year, which makes it a perfect subject to look at during the winter months. We are lucky enough to have a holly in our front yard, so we spent a few moments outside studying this plant before we ran back inside to warm up with a cup of hot cocoa!
Most hollies are evergreens, so they keep their leaves throughout the winter months. Their foliage is easily identified because of their dark green and glossy color, although some varieties have a touch of white. The holly leaf also typically has at least one spine, but can have up to fifteen!
Holly blooms in May or in June. Once pollinated, the female holly plant will form tiny ball-shaped fruits that mature around October. These berries are commonly thought of as red, but they can also be orange, white, or blue! Although the holly fruit is an important source of nutrients for birds during the winter months, it is inedible for humans.
Hollies are typically trimmed into bushes or hedges, but these plants can grow into trees that are forty to fifty feet in height!
Fun Fact – The holly bush was first used as a winter decoration by the Celts who used it to decorate their homes when celebrating the Yule festivities.
Want to learn more about hollies? Check out the following articles:
Keep the learning going with these science activities!
Learn about the Parasol Mushroom in an instant with this information and activities!
Learn about Blue Jay in an instant with this information, activity, and free printable!