My kids love the Penguins of Madagascar on Netflix – the antics of those birds crack us all up! And so when we visited an aquarium on a recent field trip, we had to spend quite a bit of time observing their penguins. We saw firsthand how these birds fly through the water and waddle on land.
Penguins are flightless birds. They have “wings” that act like flippers instead – so they can’t soar in the sky, but they can really move through the ocean. Because of this, penguins spend half their time in the water and the other half on land, which is a good thing because their diet consists mainly of fish!
Their overall coloring helps to camouflage them in the water. Their dark coloring on their back makes them hard to spot from the sky above as they swim through the water. And the white coloring on their belly makes them difficult to see from below as they streak through the water. Luckily, penguins have no natural land-based predators because their “tuxedos” make them easy to spot on the shore.
Penguins do have feathers just like other birds. Their feathers serve to trap heat, which keeps them warm in the bitter cold where they live! Their outer feathers are coated with an oily substance that helps to shed water once they return to land after a swim. Penguins do lose their feathers in a process called catastrophic molting. Rather than replacing a few feathers at a time, penguins have to spend two to three weeks on land as they lose all their old feathers and grow new ones in one shot.
Most penguins prefer to live in large colonies that can contain thousands of birds. Even so, they will mate with the same member of the opposite sex year after year. After mating, the female will lay an egg, which the father will keep warm until it hatches. Then, both mom and dad will help to raise the chick once it has hatched.
Fun Fact – Wild penguins are found only in the Southern hemisphere, which means that no penguins live at the North Pole!
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